IVF In Nigeria: Step By Step Guide. Get Useful And Valid Information On All You Need To Know About IVF In Nigeria. Check This Post Now.
Are you interested in IVF? Looking for substantial information on how IVF works in Nigeria? Then you don’t have to worry anymore because i have solution to this challenge just in this single article. I have put together useful and valid information on everything you need to know about IVF in Nigeria.
What is IVF?
IVF(in-vitro fertilization) is simply the process of fertilization by combining an egg and sperm in a scientific laboratory dish. One thing to note about this is that it is done manually.
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How can one go about IVF in Nigeria?
If you are interested in IVF in Nigeria, here is a guide which has been made simpler in a step by step way to help you:
- Baseline pelvic ultra sound
- Ovarian stimulation
- Monitoring of follicle development
- Final oocyte maturation and hCG administration
- Transvaginal oocyte retrival
- Insemination of ooctyes and embryo culture
- Embryo transfer
- Hormonal support of the uterine lining
- Pregnancy test
- Early pregnancy follow up
IVF In Nigeria: Step By Step Guide
1. BASELINE PELVIC ULTRA SOUND
This is the first step for IVF in Nigeria. At this stage, when one is about to have one’s period, one would take an ultrasound scan to check and examine one’s ovaries. The doctor may not carry out further therapy if a cyst is found at this stage until the cysts resolves and this usually happens in about a week.
Although, from time to time; it is recommended that the doctor conducts a cyst drainage.
2. OVARIAN STIMULATION
Ovarian stimulation starts after menstrual bleeding has started. At this stage, fertility drugs that are selected for the woman in question’s situation are prescribed. Why are the prescribed? You might want to ask. They are prescribed generally to control the time of egg ripening and to increase the chances of getting a good number of eggs. These drugs are also to prevent premature ovulation.
3. MONITORING OF FOLLICLE DEVELOPMENT
The next step is monitoring of follicle development. This is done with the combination of vaginal ultrasound and hormone measurements. This trans-vaginal ultrasound is utilized to check and confirm that the egg development is satisfying. This is not painful at all.
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4. FINAL OOCTYE MATURATION AND HCG ADMINISTRATION
hCG is known as human chronic ganadotropin and it is a hormonal drug whose job is to stimulate the last maturation of the oocytes. It is very important to find out the right day to administer this particular drug. This is because the period when this is injected will determine when the egg retrival will take place.
5. TRANSVIGINAL OOCTYES RETRIVAL
At this stage, the retrieval is done to get the egg and this is done trans-vaginally with the aid of a hollow needle guided by the ultrasound image. It should be noted that the patient should be sedated while doing this.Then the eggs will be removed gently from the ovaries with the aid of a needle. This process is called “follicular aspiration”. It is often interchanged with “oocyte retrival”.
The time at which this would be done is very important because the egg might not develop well if it is taken too early or it is taken too late as well.
6. INSEMINATION OF OOCYTES AND EMBRYO CULTURE
At this stage, sperm and egg are then put together under a specialised condition(s) where fertilization can take place. However, it should be noted that fertilization of eggs may not occur if:
- There is a bacterial contamination or there is a laboratory accident which may leaf to the loss or damage of the embryos.
- The laboratory equipment may be bad which can cause the destruction of the eggs and the 0sperm.
- There are one or more eggs fertilized abnormally, this would lead to an abnormal number of chromosomes which are not supposed to be in an embryo. It is not possible to transfer abnormal embryos.
- There are other unplanned things that may occur that may destruct fertilization
7. EMBRYO TRANSFER
This stage takes place after a number of days of development. The specialist will then select the best developing embryos. It should be noted that the number of embryos chosen would to a large extent influence the multiple pregnancy rates. This embryo transfer is usually done in about 3 to 5 days after the cycle retrieval.
8. HORMONAL SUPPORT OF THE UTERINE LINING
The successful attachment of the embryo to the uterine lining largely depends on the right hormonal support. Progesterone supplement would then be given through the vaginal so that the attachment to the embryo would be possible. Although, administration of progesterone supplement can be done through vaginal route, oral route or can even be injected as well while in some cases, the methods are combined.
The woman would continue to take this medication daily till she takes the pregnancy test. If the pregnancy test is confirmed to be positive, she would keep on taking it for a few more weeks depending on the advice of the specialist.
9. PREGNANCY TEST
At this stage, it is very important that one does a pregnancy test even if there is vaginal spotting or vaginal bleeding. This stage is the period when it is determined if one has gotten pregnant or not and this procedure is done in about 9-12days after the embryo transfer has been done.
It should be noted that if this test is positive, iy will be done again after 2 days and if the test is negative, the doctor will most likely instruct the woman to stop the progesterone intake and any other medications if given any.
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10. EARLY PREGNANCY FOLLOW UP
This stage is only done if the pregnancy has been confirmed to be positive. This stage cannot be done if the test was negative. At this stage, it is very important that one tries to follow up with the pregnancy to avoid early miscarriage or any other abnormalities in pregnancy.
At this stage also, there should be a counselor for the woman regarding the pregnancy